Freedom Day 2012 in South Africa
In acknowledgement of Freedom Day in South Africa on the 27th April, Ipsos South Africa has reviewed some of the major defining statistics of our population.
If South Africa were a single village with only 100 adult inhabitants, what would it look like? What would the people be like and what would they want from life?
Demographic characteristics and beliefs of the people in the village
- In the “village” there will be a balance between genders with half of the people being male and the other half female.
Young people will make out the majority of the population with 52 out of the 100 younger than 35. The average age of those in the “village” will be 36,51 years. One can thus expect issues concerning younger people, like education, economic opportunities and development to be of concern.
|Age||2012 profile %|
Population group profile
The population group profile did not change much over the last 16 years; currently three quarters of the inhabitants of the “village” will be black, while the other quarter is made up by representation from the minority population groups.
|Population group||1996 profile||2008 profile||2012 profile %|
|Marital status||2008 %||2012 %|
Issues of language, language group rights and interests and the language of education got a lot of attention in the media recently. How multilingual are South Africans really?
Zulu, English, Xhosa and Afrikaans are the biggest home languages in the South African “village”, while the dominant position of English as “lingua franca” when it comes to understanding and reading is clear: more than 9 out of every 10 people in the “village” understand English, while 17 in every 20 can also read English.
|Language||Home language %||Understand %||Read %|
Currently 57 out of the 100 adults in the “village” are Christian (either Roman Catholic or Protestant). In 2008 73 out of the 100 “villagers” claimed to be Christian.
The ZCC/the Church of Shembe/other African Independent Churches form the religious home of almost a fifth of South African adults. However, a similar proportion indicated that they would not classify themselves as belonging to any religious group.
|Christian Roman Catholic||14|
|ZCC/Church of Shembe/African Independent Churches||17|
Housing and socio-economic infrastructure of households in the village
13 out of the 100 have one or more domestic helpers and in 58% there are children younger than 15 in the house.
Housing type and facilities
Almost half of the “village” is made up of houses/cluster houses and townhouses and a further quarter live in RDP or the so-called “matchbox” houses.
|Type of house/structure||%|
|Room in backyard||2|
- 77 households have tap water in the house or on the stand/in the yard (this was 68 in 2008)
- 34 have hot water from a geyser (this was 31 in 2008)
Furniture, facilities and appliances in the household
- 88 have a television set (this was 70 in 2008)
- 84 have an electric stove
- 80 have a fridge and/or freezer
- 65 have a DVD player
- 59 have a flush toilet
- 46 have a built-in kitchen sink
- 38 have a washing machine
- 26 households subsribe to MNet/DStv
- 18 have a vacuum cleaner and/or polisher
- 18 have a personal desktop/laptop
- 11 households make use of a home security service
- 11 have a landline telephone in working order (this is less than in 2008 when 17 had a landline telephone in working order)
- 9 have a tumble dryer
- 9 have a VCR
- 4 have a dishwasher
Modern communication and transport in the “village”
- 8 in every 10 (80%) have no internet access, while 6% can access the internet at work, 6% at home and 13% via cellphone
- 83 own, rent or use a cell phone (a slight increase from 2008 when 80 owned, rented or used a cell phone)
- Just more than 3 in every 10 (31%) own or drive a motor vehicle (car/station wagon/bakkie/mini-bus):
- 19 have 1
- 10 have 2 and
- 2 have three or more motor vehicles.
This is virtually the same as in 2008 when 30 owned a motor vehicle.
Access to banking and financial services
- 42 inhabitants do NOT use any banking service (this is down from 2008 when 50 inhabitants did NOT use any banking service). This time 5% refused to give an answer.
- The others use:
- Other financial services used, are:
|Retirement annuity/pension plan or policy||6|
|Short-term insureance for vehicle, house etc||5|
|Endowment, investment/saving/education plan with or without life cover||5|
|None of these||60|
- Based on these and other figures, the LSM (Living Standards Measure) distribution in the village will be:
Employment, income and education in the “village”
- Currently just more than a third (36%) of the villagers is employed (either full-time or part-time). In 2008 42 were employed (full-time or part-time).
- Of the 36, 26 are employed full-time and the other 10 part-time
- Of the 36, 6 are self-employed
- Of the 36; 21 are male and 15 are female.
- Thus 64 of the villagers are unemployed:
- 29 are male and 35 are female
- 6 are housewives, 14 are students, 10 are retired, 30 are looking for work (thus 46% of those unemployed are looking for work…) and 4 are no longer looking for a work opportunity.
- In 2008, 26 were unemployed and looking for work
- The average of people earning money in each household is 1,46:
|Number earning money||%|
|Earn no money/students||6|
- More than one in every five (22%) refused to share information about the household income and more than four in every ten (42%) have a household income of less than R5,000 per month.
|Up to R999 per month||6|
|R1,000-R1,399 per month||10|
|R1,400-R2,499 per month||10|
|R2,500-R4,999 per month||12|
|R5,000-R9,999 per month||11|
|R10,000-R19,999 per month||5|
|R20,000+ per month||4|
- Education qualifications probably need some attention as 51 do NOT have matric (although we can assume that most of the group between 15 and 20 years old are still at school).
|Level of education||%|
|Some primary/primary school completed||14|
|Some high school||35|
|Technikon/Technical qualification/professional or secretarial qualification||7|
If the village consisted of voters only (those 18 years and older) the following would be true
- 63 will vote for the ANC if there were an election tomorrow; 18 for the Democratic Alliance; 2 for the IFP; 1 for Cope; 2 for other parties and 14 don’t know or will not say or will spoil their ballot papers
- For 25 there is no political party that represents their views (this was 20 in 2008)
- 52 believe that children in South Africa have good future prospects
- 40 believe that race relations in teh country are improving (14 say race relations are deteriorating)
- 45 believe the country is going in the right direction and 33 are saying it is going in the wrong direction
- 56 are saying that the government is doing very well or fairly well with the promotion of nation building in South Africa.
A wider view:
If we look at South Africa as a whole the current population distribution is as follows:
The provincial picture:
|Province||1996 census %||2012 Khayabus %|
Ipsos Khayabus, Demographic Detail. November 2011.
Ipsos. Socio-Political Trends. January 2012.
Ipsos. Government Performance Barometer. January 2012.
Statssa. Census 1996.
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 15 years old or older.
 All references to the situation in 2011/2012 are sourced from Ipsos’ Khayabus study. Fieldwork for this project was done in November and December 2011. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with a nationally representative sample of 3500 adult South Africans and results were weighted and projected to the universe, i.e. the adult SA population.
 “The language you speak most often at home.”
 “Which South African languages can you read?”
 “Which South African languages can you understand?”.